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In this section you will find information about Adult and Child Safeguarding 


To protect health, well-being and human rights of individuals. Every human children, young people or vulnerable adults have a right to live free from any type of abuse, harm and neglect. 

Different Types of Child Abuse:

  • Domestic Abuse

Domestic abuse can seriously harm children and young people well-being or mental health.  Witnessing domestic abuse-is child abuse,  which is really distressing and scary for a child, and causes serious harm. Children living in a home where domestic abuse is happening are at risk of other types of abuse too. 

  • Sexual Abuse

A child is sexually abused when they are forced or persuaded to take part in sexual activities. Sometimes the child won't understand that what's happening to them is abuse.

  • Neglect

It is the most common form of child abuse. It is failure to meet a child's basic needs, for example a child may be left hungry or dirty, without adequate clothing, shelter, supervision, medical or health care.

  • Online Abuse

Online abuse is any type of abuse that happens online, on web, through social media or mobile phones. 

  • Physical Abuse

Physical abuse means hurting a child causing injuries such as bruises, broken bones, burns or cuts.

  • Emotional Abuse

Emotional abuse can involve deliberately trying to scare or humiliate a child or isolating or ignoring them.

  • Child sexual exploitation

Child sexual exploitation is a type of sexual abuse. Children in exploitative situations and relationships receive something such as gifts, money or affection as a result of performing sexual activities or others performing sexual activities on them.

  • Female genital mutilation (FGM)

Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, FGM is usually carried out on young girls between infancy and the age of 15, most commonly before puberty starts. It is illegal in the UK and is child abuse.

  • Bullying and Cyber-Bullying

Bullying is behaviour that hurts someone else – such as name calling, hitting, pushing, spreading rumours, threatening or undermining someone.
It can happen anywhere – at school, at home or online. It’s usually repeated over a long period of time and can hurt a child both physically and emotionally.

  • Child Trafficking 

Child trafficking and modern slavery are child abuse. Children are recruited, moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold.

  • Grooming

Grooming is when someone builds an emotional connection with a child to gain their trust for the purposes of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or trafficking.

  • Harmful Sexual Behaviour

Harmful sexual behaviour includes might be using sexually explicit words and phrases, inappropriate touching or using sexual violence or threats

For more information about Children Safeguarding and how to identify the signs of abuse please visit

What is OSCB?

Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Board (OSCB) is the means by which organisations in Oxfordshire come together to agree on how they will cooperate with one another to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. The role of the Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Board (OSCB) is to scrutinise and monitor this process, and to ensure that local agencies co-operate and work well to achieve this

Please keep Children Safe from Abuse

Abuse and neglect of vulnerable adults

There are different forms of abuse and neglect

Sexual abuse

This includes:

  • indecent exposure
  • sexual harassment
  • inappropriate looking or touching
  • sexual teasing or innuendo
  • sexual photography
  • being forced to watch pornography or sexual acts
  • being forced or pressured to take part in sexual acts
  • rape

Physical abuse

This includes:

  • being hit, slapped, pushed or restrained
  • being denied food or water
  • not being helped to go to the bathroom when you need to
  • misuse of your medicines

Psychological abuse

This includes:

  • emotional abuse
  • threats to hurt or abandon you
  • stopping you from seeing people
  • humiliating, blaming, controlling, intimidating or harassing you
  • verbal abuse
  • cyberbullying and isolation
  • an unreasonable and unjustified withdrawal of services or support networks

Domestic abuse

This is typically an incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive or threatening behaviour, violence or abuse by someone who is, or has been, an intimate partner or family member.

Discriminatory abuse

This includes some forms of harassment, slurs or unfair treatment relating to your:

  • race
  • gender and gender identity
  • age
  • disability
  • sexual orientation
  • religion

Financial abuse

This could be someone stealing money or other valuables from you. Or it might be that someone appointed to look after your money on your behalf is using it inappropriately or coercing you to spend it in a way you're not happy with.

Internet scams and doorstep crime are also common forms of financial abuse. 


Neglect includes not being provided with enough food or with the right kind of food, or not being taken proper care of.

Leaving you without help to wash or change dirty or wet clothes, not getting you to a doctor when you need one or not making sure you have the right medicines all count as neglect.

Abuse in your home

You're more at risk of abuse at home if:

  • you're isolated and don't have much contact with friends, family or neighbours
  • you have memory problems or difficulty communicating
  • you become dependent on your carer
  • you don't get on with your carer
  • your carer is addicted to drugs or alcohol
  • your carer relies on you for a home, or financial or emotional support

Please visit and find more information about Safeguarding Adults 

What is OSAB?

The Oxfordshire Safeguarding Adults Board (OSAB) is a multi-agency partnership that promotes the development of adult safeguarding work throughout Oxfordshire.

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