In this section you will find information about Adult and Child Safeguarding
To protect health, well-being and human rights of individuals. Every human children, young people or vulnerable adults have a right to live free from any type of abuse, harm and neglect.
Different Types of Child Abuse:
Domestic abuse can seriously harm children and young people well-being or mental health. Witnessing domestic abuse-is child abuse, which is really distressing and scary for a child, and causes serious harm. Children living in a home where domestic abuse is happening are at risk of other types of abuse too.
A child is sexually abused when they are forced or persuaded to take part in sexual activities. Sometimes the child won't understand that what's happening to them is abuse.
It is the most common form of child abuse. It is failure to meet a child's basic needs, for example a child may be left hungry or dirty, without adequate clothing, shelter, supervision, medical or health care.
Online abuse is any type of abuse that happens online, on web, through social media or mobile phones.
Physical abuse means hurting a child causing injuries such as bruises, broken bones, burns or cuts.
Emotional abuse can involve deliberately trying to scare or humiliate a child or isolating or ignoring them.
- Child sexual exploitation
Child sexual exploitation is a type of sexual abuse. Children in exploitative situations and relationships receive something such as gifts, money or affection as a result of performing sexual activities or others performing sexual activities on them.
- Female genital mutilation (FGM)
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure where the female genitals are deliberately cut, injured or changed, FGM is usually carried out on young girls between infancy and the age of 15, most commonly before puberty starts. It is illegal in the UK and is child abuse.
- Bullying and Cyber-Bullying
Bullying is behaviour that hurts someone else – such as name calling, hitting, pushing, spreading rumours, threatening or undermining someone. It can happen anywhere – at school, at home or online. It’s usually repeated over a long period of time and can hurt a child both physically and emotionally.
Child trafficking and modern slavery are child abuse. Children are recruited, moved or transported and then exploited, forced to work or sold.
Grooming is when someone builds an emotional connection with a child to gain their trust for the purposes of sexual abuse, sexual exploitation or trafficking.
Harmful sexual behaviour includes might be using sexually explicit words and phrases, inappropriate touching or using sexual violence or threats
For more information about Children Safeguarding and how to identify the signs of abuse please visit http://www.oscb.org.uk/about-us/
What is OSCB?
Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Board (OSCB) is the means by which organisations in Oxfordshire come together to agree on how they will cooperate with one another to safeguard and promote the welfare of children. The role of the Oxfordshire Safeguarding Children Board (OSCB) is to scrutinise and monitor this process, and to ensure that local agencies co-operate and work well to achieve this
WORRIED ABOUT A CHILD? REPORT IT !
Please keep Children Safe from Abuse
Adult at risk is someone who may be in need of help because they have care and support needs. There are many types of abuse and there doesn't need to be an injury for abuse to have taken place.
An abuser could be anyone partner, relative or a family member, care provider, neighbour, health professional, employer or even person who have no previous connection to the victim.
Recognising different types of abuse:
- Physical Abuse for example force feeding, denial of treatment, hitting, pushing. Signs could be pain, bruising, burns, fractures
- Psychological or Emotional Abuse includes threats, controlling, blaming, shouting or yelling humiliation. Signs of this abuse could be not being able to concentrate, or not being able to do things they used to do, showing compulsive behaviour.
- Financial Abuse occurs when someone tries to steal, or defraud you of your money or goods which includes withholding pension or benefits, exploitation and many other. The signs of this abuse are very common such as not paying bills, not having enough money, having unusual difficulty with finances.
- Sexual Abuse for example unwanted sex activity, or sexual activity which happens without consent or understanding. Sexual violence can be physical contact or non-contact for example stalking, grooming, forced to watch sexual activities. Signs in this case would be; not wanting to be touched or change in appearance, using bad language
- Neglect - when person deliberately fails to provide appropriate care and support needed, or if person does not act when they know that the adult in theirs care needs help. Signs of neglect could be if an adult is very hungry, thirsty or untidy, having pain or discomfort
- Exploitation is deliberate manipulation of an adult , or abuse of power and control over the other person which comes in many forms such as slavery, forced labour, sexual violence and abuse, human trafficking.
Please remember you might become aware of adult being at risk if you hear or see something, notice injuries or if family member or relative tells you something to raise concern.
For more information on Adult Safeguarding Please visit http://www.osab.co.uk/